Bulletin Announcements

Sunday, July 25, 2021
5th Sunday after Pentecost​​​​​​​​
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  • Reminder:  If you don't sign up for coffee hour, then there is no coffee hour!  Thank you to all who do sign up!
  • Sources of the Prostopinije - The Spread of Znamenny chant
    • In the 13th century, the Tatars (Mongols) destroyed Kiev and most of the other important centers of Kievan Rus'. The kondakarian chant vanished from use entirely, but the stolp notation and the znamennyj chant to which it was applied flourished, particularly in Belorussia and in Novgorod and the Russian northwest, and were further developed in the 15th century.
    • After the Muscovite takeover of Novgorod and Pskov (late 15th century), the North Russian (Novogorod region) chant tradition was adopted throughout the Grand Duchy of Moscow, developing separately from what we may call the "Ruthenian" chant tradition, that is, the chant employed in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Kingdom of Hungary. But the znamennyj chant remained basic to both, and remained essentially the same in both traditions despite some differences in interpretation. Development of the Irmologia The Ruthenian chant was collected in a single volume, the Irmologion, in which the znamennyj chant was the dominant element. Carpatho-Rusyn cantors continued to write manuscript Irmologia until the second half of the 19th century; in western Ukraine, printed editions of the Irmologion began to appear in 1700. The chant remained essentially the same; the biggest change was that beginning around 1600 the neumatic notation was abandoned for notation with a 5-line staff and square note heads.
    • Bokšaj's Cerkovnoje prostopinie (Church plainchant), first published in 1906, employs modern notation with round note heads; most of the irmosy, and a number of other chants, are still sung to the traditional znamennyj melodies in this collection, although Bokšaj does not refer to them by that name. So the Carpatho-Rusyns have preserved the old znamennyj chant down to the present as the oldest element in their traditional prostopinija.